Union Election Commission Continued Third-Day Meeting of Electoral Reforms with Political Parties

The Union Election Commission (UEC) organized the third-day meeting of electoral system together with the political parties on 26 December. The Chairman of UEC U Thein Soe, UEC members, officials from the office of UEC, representatives from the political parties and the volunteers who interested in electoral reforms attended the meeting.

During the meeting, one representative from each of six political parties read out the election design papers regarding the PR system based on the results of two sessions conducted on 24 and 25 December.

The paper of team (1) for Pyithu Hluttaw was read by U Tun Yi from National Unity Party (NUP) as follows:

· It stated that it should develop the “Closed List PR” which is least difficulties for voters and the persons who count the votes. In determining the constituencies of the Pyithu Hluttaw, it should be divided according to the number of representatives just like the previous numbers in regions and states and should not base on the population which may cause disputes.

· Constituencies should be considered with equal numbers of population as much as possible when determining the constituencies based on the number of representatives received by regions and states.

Then, U Tin Swe from Democratic Party (Myanmar) presented the paper created by team (2) for Pyithu Hluttaw as follows:

· All the parties attending the event agree the PR system for Pyithu Hluttaw election as well as the Closed List system and stipulation of Section 51 (d) of the Constitution stated that “townships are organized as district”.

· It should express the photo and name of the candidates under the name of party with vinyl or posters at the entrance to polling stations so that the voters can cast vote as they like.

The paper of team (3) was briefed by U Parsi Pyi Hein of People’s Party discussed as follows:

· It stated that the “Closed List-PR system” is the best way in holding the three Hluttaws in accordance with the 2008 Constitution. Currently, more than 100 countries adopt the PR system. Based on the districts to fix the constituencies is suitable size.

· The minimum number of the valid votes for an elected representative will be required to determine in advance. According to the criteria, if the number of elected representatives has not yet been reached and there is still necessary representative numbers, the representatives of the parties including independents who received the excess votes will be determined as the additional representative by calculating the formula of calculating excess votes.

Dr Myo Sett Thway of People’s Pioneer Party (PPP) read the paper of team (4) for Amyotha Hluttaw as follows:

· They agree the PR system. It should use Closed List-PR System initially and when the education level of voters and political tide reaches to a certain extent, it should change into Open List-PR System or other PR system designs, and only the FPTP should be for self-administered division/ zones.

· In determining the constituencies based on districts, it should set 36 constituencies for Amyotha Hluttaw and the UEC should set proper laws or regulations to solve the impact of PR system as there would be plenty of parties.

Daw Nang Thaik Thaik Win Kyaw of Phalon-Sawaw Democratic Party presented the paper of team 5 for Region/State Hluttaw as follows:

· It should change into PR system which can include voters, elected representatives, ethnic minority groups and limit a one-party dominant system. In adopting PR system, it should change into Closed List PR system.

· For the constituencies of region/state Hluttaw, there should be one constituency for one district. However, if it is a densely populated district or township with a large number of townships, more than one constituency needs to be designated. There also should be one constituency for regions/states with below 10 townships. It should use FPTP system in selecting the representative of Hluttaw for ethnic constituency.

U Khaw Teint of New Democracy Party (Kachin) read the paper of team (6) for Region/State Hluttaw as follows:

· It should use Closed List-PR system and the Largest Remainder Formula in counting the votes for Region/State Hluttaw elections. The constitutiencies should not be determined for townships and districts. One constituency should be determined for one township and two representatives of Hluttaw should be elected with PR system and FPTP system should be for the candidates of ethnic affairs Hluttaw.

According to the agenda, the Chairman of UEC U Thein Soe made the conclusion remarks,

· The parties discussed the activities of PR system for the common good within the boundary of 2009 Constitution law and conducted the matters as much as they can.

· In analyzing the results of the current meeting, he also talked about the adoption of Closed List-PR system in adopting PR system by three Hluttaws, stipulation of 2008 Constitution in choosing constituencies by the UEC, and suggestions to express the photo and name of the candidates under the name of party with vinyl or posters at the entrance to polling stations.

· He pledged that the UEC will amend necessary laws depending on the discussions for changing to the PR system to be appropriate for the country.

· The UEC will work together with the political parties to elect the skilled representatives from the ethnic groups and small political parties in coming election.

It is reported that 115 representatives from 62 political parties attended the meeting.

  • The Union Election Commission (UEC) organized the third-day meeting of electoral system together with the political parties and 115 representatives from 62 political parties attended the meeting.
  • In analyzing the results of the current meeting, he also talked about the adoption of Closed List-PR system in adopting PR system by three Hluttaws.
  • In voting, the suggestions to express the photo and name of the candidates under the name of party with vinyl or posters at the entrance to polling stations was found.
  • The UEC will work together with the political parties to elect the skilled representatives from the ethnic groups and small political parties in coming election.