Chairman of State Administration Council Prime Minister Gives Guidance on Road Map of State Administration Council

The Chairman of the State Administration Council (SAC) Prime Minister Senior General Min Aung Hlaing gave guidance on the SAC Road Map at the guidance meeting at the meeting hall of the SAC Chairman Office in Nay Pyi Taw on 9 February.

Laying down Five-Point Road Map

Speaking on the occasion, the Chairman of the SAC Prime Minister gave guidance that it was the first meeting for all responsible persons to review the national development undertakings and to strive for their success during the extended period.

Regarding the first point of the road map “Priority will be given to fully realizing peace, stability and rule of law throughout the Union to safeguard the socioeconomic life of the people”, the government in office started to assume State duties in February after declaring the state of emergency in accord with the 2008 Constitution. There were disturbances in the initial period, and later, disturbances turned into violence and armed terrorism because of political disagreements and instigation. The countries exercising the democratic system allow staging protests under the law. But, efforts were made to control the violent events beyond the protests under the law. Terrorists intentionally committed attacks on innocent people, non-military target administration buildings, private businesses, public service personnel and religious persons. At that time, hard cores from unrest were sent to the insurgent areas and they were formed as so-called PDF terrorist groups. In so doing, some Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs) participated in such activities. The arms and ammunition seized by the Tatmadaw are arms and ammunition used by EAOs and some illegally entered from foreign countries passing borders.  Their goal is to destroy peace and stability of the State. Tatmadaw conducts military operations in the operation areas but performs phase by phase terrorist suppression tasks in the non-operation areas under the law. Martial law orders were released for the areas difficult to control. As a result, terrorist acts remarkably declined from April 2022. Measures are being continued to eliminate terrorism.

In early 2023, some terror acts happened. It can be seen that terror acts indicated setting fire to relevant organizations and documents, blowing up mines and posing intimidation and killing public service personnel and volunteers in order to disturb preparations for the election under the road map. At the meeting 1/2023 of the National Defence and Security Council (NDSC), the Prime Minister recounted that he reported to the Pro Tem President on performances and findings in the state of emergency of the country, and requirements to continue tasks for ensuring peace and stability of the nation at present. As such, the state of emergency was extended for six more months.

Disturbance acts of terrorists caused terrible losses for the State and the private sector. Without counting ordinary losses, there were more than 4,900 losses and damage. Grenade, mines and homemade mine attacks amounted to more than 8,500 times. More than 9,700 times of attacks were committed. They set fires more than 1,230 times. In the events, more than 17,690 arms, 27,200 mines and bombs and a lot of ammunition were seized from terrorists. The seized arms and ammunition included the ones from EAOs and foreign countries. PDF terrorist attacks killed or wounded monks and innocent people. They blew up railroads, bridges and communication towers which were used by the public.

The expenditure of the State to rebuild the terrorist destroyed public facilities is a loss for the State. All must understand that it is not only the loss of government. It is the loss of the national economy. It can be seen that terrorists commit disturbance acts to grab democracy through terror way. Concepts of EAOs are different from the attitudes and stances of terrorists. The majority of EAOs signed the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA). The armed groups which emerged after 2021 were based on controversies over democracy. Any country as well as any government does not allow armed violence in a democratic system. Those committing terror acts need to understand democracy.

In the second term of state of emergency, it is necessary to effectively tackle the terror acts, so martial law was imposed in important townships in order to lessen terror acts. The martial law administration was aimed at crime breakers only, not for the people. People can live and travel under the disciplines. It is assumed that the peace and stability of these areas might improve in the coming six months.

The second-term government manipulated the law, and it was rather dangerous for the State. In this regard, the Tatmadaw had to act as a mediator to restore the situation. To ensure fairness and rightness it has struck a balance between the military and civilians in assigning duties for the State and acted according to the law. It is implementing the tasks with civilian bodies in accord with democracy. According to the 2008 Constitution, 75 percent of Hluttaw seats are for civilians and only 25 for the military. If everybody reads presentations of Defence Services Personnel representatives, instructions and speeches of the Senior General and senior military officers in the previous Hluttaw, they can see the stance of Tatmadaw on the democratic system of the State. Tatmadaw accepts itself as a guardian organization to safeguard the State to have firm standing over the multiparty democratic system. Its continuous mission is to ensure peace, stability and security. It also takes into account the Roadmap in carrying out the mission. In accord with the previous Roadmap, the Union Election Commission (UEC) was re-constituted, inspection and taking action on electoral measures were taken within two years. In this regard, appropriated action was taken for corruption cases.

The government’s undertakings in connection with COVID-19 were presented at the NDSC meeting. At present, infection rate has drastically fallen, and the disease can be controlled to a certain degree. But all must always be aware of the disease. Thanks to the exerted efforts amidst the many difficulties during the two-year period, the economy has developed to a certain degree. There were conspiracies to break down the banking system with the intention of drawing the country into an economic downturn while the government was discharging State duties. With regard to trade, an outbreak of COVID-19 caused the decline of economy in 2021, affecting domestic manufacturing. The government encouraged domestic businesses, so the country did not face food insufficiency but suffered high prices of goods similar to other countries. Loans of foreign exchange borrowed by the previous government and new projects were not received after 2021. Although the country faced an economic crisis in 2021, improving of manufactures and opening of border trade in 2022 surged the State economy to +3 per cent of GDP from the minute status. As the country is blessed with natural resources, it operates manufacturing. Due to controlling infection of COVID-19 and operating manufacturing, the country enjoys resurgence of State economy. In coming year, it is believable that the State economy will gain greater progress. In meeting with manufacturers from regions and states, the Senior General heard reports on progress of their businesses. So also, it is firmly believed that agricultural tasks through the State economic promotion fund will have achievement.

While striving for ensuring peace and stability of the nation, it is necessary to strive for development of the country. To stand a country, it requires internal and international strengths. All countries across the world are always trying hard to develop themselves. So, Myanmar has to make efforts for marching forward. In line with the motto: Keep Moving Forward to Achieve Our Goal, all need to strive for the development of the nation. If so, the country will reach the goals as aspires to. In so doing, enhancement of the State economy is the best. The country is blessed with natural resources for successfully operating the agriculture and livestock farms. If the per-acre yield of paddy increases, the country will have local food sufficiency and export surplus to foreign countries, benefiting the State as well as raising the incomes of farmers and improving their socioeconomic life. Improvement of socioeconomic life will contribute to better money circulation in the region and regional development and then improvement of State economy. Hence, an emphasis must be placed on per-acre yield of crops. Such high yield of crops in agriculture sector can be dubbed as great success saying “the earth to bear gold”. In the world, all face requirements in consumption. Agricultural products of the nation must be exported to foreign market. Achieving success in agricultural tasks will support the development of State economy, so the government needs to strive for securing the success.

Concerning the prosperity and food sufficiency of the nation, the Prime Minister said: “As for the second point “People-centred development work that enhances socioeconomic well-being will be undertaken to ensure the country’s prosperity and food security”, all need to boom the economy. All regions and states manufacture agricultural and livestock products. All districts in Ayeyawady Region can produce these products. The Prime Minister would like to give guidance that if we slightly push it, it will change the situation of our country. If so, the country will have prosperity. It is because the people have income, their socioeconomic life will improve. It is dead sure. Anyone cannot accept harming their socioeconomic life. They will go to the good approach, not the bad one. The best safeguarding the nation is to improve the economy. We have to do so. So, the Prime Minister inserts such things into the second point. The 2022-2023 financial year will end in the coming March. Our efforts are included in the financial year. So, we have to accelerate the enhancement of the businesses. In so doing, we have to possess a transport system contributing to the businesses. We have to improve the roads without fail. So, we set plans to upgrade roads in the coming financial year.”

The Prime Minister continued to say that the country still requires needs for school learning. More than a half of the total population of the nation is under the basic education middle level. As people are weak in education, they have lesser job opportunities, facing lower socio-economic life. Moreover, they may be weak in critical thinking and rationality. In the political changes which happened in 2021-2022, the facts were applied and many persons led to the wrong way due to instigations of internal and international organizations and EAOs. So, it is necessary to uplift education standard without fail. The school examinations will be held soon, and matriculation examination will end in the coming March. Although it can be said that this academic year’s learning process smoothly completed, it can be seen that school attending rate could not met the target. Students in the some areas missed learning opportunities due to threats of terrorists and other reasons. In coming academic year, the government will strive for opening all schools across the nation. To do so, martial law orders were declared in some areas. Only when the government strictly tackles disciplines, will school age children not miss learning opportunities. The government is solving the difficulties of education staff as much as possible. As student numbers will increase in coming academic year, the government will take peaceful learning for all.

In the health sector, although infection rate of COVID-19 declines, all should not take careless for living and they all need to follow the restrictions of the pandemic. Although neighbouring countries face decline of infection rate of the disease, Myanmar people need to take care for living. Moreover, everybody needs to take healthy activities for their health and fitness with consumption for sufficient nutrition. Lifestyle of lack of healthy activities can harm their health conditions and face loss in learning and loss of labour. So, it is necessary to raise healthcare services for all. If so, the people will have right man and right place, and human resources can be effectively applied. In the coming year, the government will emphasize the improvement of the education and health sectors as well as economic and transport sectors, especially in the agriculture and livestock sectors. In doing agricultural tasks, it is necessary to focus on quality strains of crops, fertile soil, sufficient supply of water, and systematic agricultural techniques. On the trip to Ayeyawady Region, the Prime Minister instructed officials to increase per-acre yield of crops, seek market share and improve quality. Cooking oil was imported by spending some US$ 700 million per year. If import of cooking oil can be reduced, local oil mills will operate more. During the trips to regions and states, businesspersons reported on extended operation of oil mills in modern techniques. The State economic promotion fund allotted capital for oil milling businesses. If they make efforts for meeting the target production, the country will have local oil sufficiency and surplus volume. The government targets to ensure oil sufficiency in 2024. If cultivation of oil crops can be expanded and crop yields can be boosted, sufficiency of edible oil can be achieved in the domestic market and edible oil imports can be reduced. Although edible oil cannot be produced from a seed of sesame, success can be achieved by concerted efforts of all. Efforts must be made to turn the country from an importer into exporter of edible oil after producing sufficient cooking oil for domestic consumption.

The Senior General stressed the need to increase the per-acre yield of pulses and beans. Myanmar is the second largest pulses and bean exporter and the demand for pulses and beans in the world is very high. As the market has been secured, efforts must be made to boost yields of pulses and beans. Revenues for the country will increase by successfully boosting yields of pulses and beans. It was found that modern fish breeding is being carried out scientifically in Ayeyarwady Region and it is a livestock breeding task that brings about a lot of benefits for the country. As technologies have been acquired, a lot of revenue can be generated by fish breeding in the meat and fish sector if fish breeding can be expanded in other states and regions based on the market. As excessive fishing can deplete natural fishery resources, the government does not support excessive fishing and has encouraged modern and systematic fish breeding.

In breeding cattle, beef cattle breeding and dairy cattle breeding are being carried out. The country has to import milk and dairy products worth almost US$-100 million annually. If milk and dairy products can be produced sufficiently at home, foreign exchange spending can be reduced if the diary product could meet the local demands. It is necessary to encourage systematic livestock breeding instead of traditional livestock breeding.

As for the third point of the road map “Processes will further continue to consolidate a genuine, disciplined multiparty democratic system and build a Union based on democracy and federalism”, the government is implementing the multiparty democracy system in accordance with the constitution as well as Tatmadaw is responsible for safeguarding the Constitution. When the constitution was approved, 92.48 per cent of eligible voters supported and approved the constitution. The Tatmadaw has already accepted that necessary amendments must be made to the constitution to be compatible with the current situation. As it is necessary to move forward to the union based on democracy and a federal system which is compatible with the country by amending what should be amended in the constitution, the parliamentary system must be implemented without fail. As political parties are required to be reformed, the Political Parties Registration Law was enacted last month. Those who really want to engage in politics will be able to take part in political activities. In the 1990 election, political parties were allowed to be formed loosely in order to create chances for them. During the period after 1962, one party system was adopted and there were differences between communist groups and democracy groups. The party adopted the Burmese way of socialism. Those who could not accept the system did not have a political outlet because of the law protecting the one party system. As one party system was adopted in the 1974 constitution, there were calls for democratic rights and the constitution that became null and void during the 1988 prodemocracy movement. As the Tatmadaw was paving the way for the multiparty democracy system, political parties were allowed to be formed as many as possible and mandates were given in the 1990 election. The government discussed the issue at SAC meeting. As there were too many political parties, those with a few party members had to operate in narrow spaces and could receive fewer chances.

Therefore, there were discussions that mass participation is essential for political parties and the law amending the Political Parties Registration Law was enacted. In politics, there must be many political enthusiasts and political objectives must be actually implemented. Political objectives of political parties are ideologies and concepts to shape the country. It is necessary to participate in the parliamentary system to implement the objectives. As it is impossible to do so if there are too many small political parties, it can be assumed that it is better for the country if there are political parties with strong leadership. Therefore, the situation had to be handled by enacting the Political Parties Registration Law. Existing political parties are required to register again within 60 days and they will be annulled spontaneously if they fail to do so. New political parties are also required to register and it was found that political parties are being registered at present. Political parties will be allowed to carry out their activities in accordance with the law. After forming political parties, they are required to make preparations for elections. All these measures must be taken without fail.

The fourth point of the road map was adopted as “Priority will be accorded to work aligned with the agreements set out in the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement, in order to achieve enduring peace for the entire nation”. In implementing democracy, peace is indispensable. It can be seen that progress has been hindered in countries where democracy is terrorized. Moreover, countries where political power is cemented in the guise of democracy are encountering difficulties. Efforts are being exerted to overcome such difficulties and maintain stability. Only when the country is stable, can measures for development of education, health and economy be implemented. Therefore, offers for peace talks have been made. The Tatmadaw has never launched attacks on outposts of EAOs that have been officially recognized. Honesty is essential for peace. As the consequences of divide and rule policy under colonialists, the country has been suffering from a lack of peace until now and faced difficulties in implementing national development. It is necessary to take part in negotiations magnanimously and to seek solutions thoroughly for what is possible and what should be for the country through negotiations. All national races are entitled to equal rights and it is necessary to carry out tasks in the interests of the country and the union without making impossible demands. Therefore, the government will exert efforts for peace at its best. In accordance with the fourth task of the road map, the government will exert efforts for peace at its best. It is necessary for EAOs and political organizations to take part in negotiations objectively in the interests of the union.

As for the last point “Upon accomplishing the provisions of the state of emergency, free and fair multiparty democratic elections will be held in line with the 2008 Constitution, and further work will be undertaken to hand over State duties to the winning party in accordance with democratic standards.”  The Tatmadaw had to declare a state of emergency due to voting frauds happened in the elections. As the elections held under the NLD government are notorious elections, it is necessary for us to take all round measures to hold prestigious elections. As leaders of the country are elected through elections, it is important to take systematic and correct measures. It can be seen that there were many discrepancies in the voters’ lists in the previous elections. It is necessary to compile correct voters’ lists and to hold a free and fair election. Efforts must be made to maintain stability, to compile correct voters’ lists and to make corrections for household registration forms. Voters’ list must be compiled to enable all eligible voters to cast their votes. Only then, will the voters’ list be correct. There is no country with 100 per cent correct election across the world and there may be slight discrepancies. But any country does not accept tremendous errors on voter lists. So, the government is responsible for all voters to cast votes. Whether voters cast their votes or not are the right of voters and it is the responsibility of the government to guarantee their suffrage.

Since exercising multiparty democracy, our country has held three general elections. The country has 330 townships. Elections were held in 325 townships in 2010, 323 in 2015 and 315 in 2020. The number of the townships that could hold elections has decreased. We should be aware that the effort to seek public desire became weak under the governments supposed to be promoting democracy.

In holding elections also, there must not be any threat, cohesion, unfair persuasion or gang bullying over the desire of individual citizens. Our government is trying to hold elections in all parts of the country and make sure all the citizens are free from injustice. It is not the duty of the commission alone but all have to work hard and cooperate. The Senior General wants to stress the importance of ensuring a free and fair election.

When it comes to international relations, our country is a member of the United Nations, of ASEAN and of BIMSTEC. Our country exercises an independent, active and non-allied foreign policy. The government deals with foreign countries based on the five principles of peaceful coexistence. Myanmar became a further member of ASEAN in 1997.

Regarding our country’s issue, there are mistakes in what the international community is saying. Guests arriving occasionally, and officials from international organizations, diplomats and business organizations usually said they were surprised by the fact that the internationally known facts outside Myanmar are different from the prevailing conditions inside. These are based on biased media and diplomats. They need to know the real situation. Our standing is that we will be acting within the ASEAN framework.

As regards the IDP issue in Rakhine State, it has been dealt with throughout successive eras. The government must have to protect our national races as well as our citizens. In our country there are also citizens who are Bengali. And they have given their rights in accord with the law. Moreover, Bengali people are living not only in Rakhine State but in other regions of the country. Problems of accepting those persons are based in illegal residences. The government said that it will accept the expatriation in line with the agreements of both countries. Officials concerned went to Rakhine State recently. The government does not refuse the process under the agreement. If they reenter our country based on the bilateral agreement, they have access to the rights in accordance with the 1982 citizenship law. This law is not for the IDPs in Rakhine State alone. This applies to all those who are in Myanmar for various reasons. The issue needs to be handled by our government as well as other successive governments to come. We have to act correctly in the interests of our State.

Regarding the electricity supply, Myanmar will still face difficulties. The reason is partly due to the halt to hydropower projects for various reasons. The government is now granting permission for hydropower projects. Plans are under way to meet higher power demand by 2025 even if we cannot afford for full supply. The regions and states also need to try to generate electricity under their own plans. As they can produce paddy, they can try to implement solar and wind power energy projects by firing husk. Moreover, electricity consumption should be saved. Public transport system will focus on electricity without fail. We have seen interest and offers in electric car imports. Global oil price has increased year by year. So, it is necessary to increase electricity generation to reduce fuel oil usage. Supervisory teams need to emphasize systematically extensive use of electric vehicles. Currently, charging stations are being built on Yangon - Nay Pyi Taw Expressway and old Highway. Plans are being made to build more on Nay Pyi Taw-Mandalay Expressway, Lashio Road, Mawlamyine Road and in Kayin State. Relevant ministries need to cooperate each other in using EVs on a wider scale. If our government works hard in all aspects, it will contribute much to the State in the coming six months.

Present at the meeting were the Vice-Chairman of the SAC Deputy Prime Minister Vice-Senior General Soe Win, the SAC Secretary, the SAC Joint- Secretary, SAC members and Union ministers. The Nay Pyi Taw Council chairman, chief ministers of regions and states and chairmen of self-administered division/zones took part in the meeting through video-conferencing.

Source: MWD (10.2.2023)

 

  • At the meeting 1/2023 of the National Defence and Security Council (NDSC), the Prime Minister recounted that he reported to the Pro Tem President on requirements to continue tasks for ensuring peace and stability of the nation at present. As such, the state of emergency was extended for six more months.
  • In the second term of state of emergency, it is necessary to effectively tackle the terror acts, so martial law was imposed in important townships in order to lessen terror acts. It is assumed that the peace and stability of these areas might improve in the coming six months.
  • It is necessary to carry out the tasks to enhance socioeconomic well-being for ensuring the country’s prosperity and food security. The best safeguarding the nation is to improve the economy.
  • In the coming year, the government will emphasize the improvement of the economic and transport sectors as well as education and health sectors.
  • As it is necessary to move forward to the union based on democracy and a federal system which is compatible with the country by amending what should be amended in the constitution, the parliamentary system must be implemented without fail. As political parties are required to be reformed, the Political Parties Registration Law was enacted last month.
  • Existing political parties are required to register again within 60 days and they will be annulled spontaneously if they fail to do so. New political parties are also required to register and it was found that political parties are being registered at present.
  • Only when the country is stable, can measures for development of education, health and economy be implemented. Therefore, offers for peace talks have been made. The Tatmadaw has never launched attacks on outposts of EAOs that have been officially recognized.
  • As the elections held under the NLD government are notorious elections, it is necessary for us to take all round measures to hold prestigious elections. As leaders of the country are elected through elections, it is important to take systematic and correct measures.
  • Our government is trying to hold elections in all parts of the country and make sure all the citizens are free from injustice.
  • Regarding the international relations, our country exercises an independent, active and non-allied foreign policy. The government deals with foreign countries based on the five principles of peaceful coexistence. Regarding our country’s issue, there are mistakes in what the international community is saying.
  • Guests arriving occasionally, and officials from international organizations, diplomats and business organizations usually said they were surprised by the fact that the internationally known facts outside Myanmar are different from the prevailing conditions inside.
  • As regards the IDP issue in Rakhine State, Bengali people are living not only in Rakhine State but in other regions of the country. The government said that it will accept the expatriation in line with the agreements of both countries. If they reenter our country based on the bilateral agreement, they have access to the rights in accordance with the 1982 citizenship law.
  • Regarding the electricity supply, plans are under way to meet higher power demand by 2025 even if we cannot afford for full supply.
engdate: 
Monday, February 13, 2023 - 17:30
month: 
February, 2023